Gesetz über die juristischen Prüfungen und den juristischen Vorbereitungsdienst (Juristenausbildungsgesetz Nordrhein-Westfalen – JAG NRW) of Gesetz ueber die juristischen Pruefungen und den juristischen Vorbereitungsdienst (Juristenausbildungsgesetz Nordrhein-Westfalen – JAG NRW) of Related Forms – NRW. REGISTRATION FORM BULLETIN DINSCRIPTION EINSCHREIBEFORMULAR Participan: REGISTRATION FORM BULLETIN.

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A number do so. Under this law which is somewhat confusingit is generally understood that you have to practise as a judge for one year, before becoming a prosecutor. In-service training is an integral part of both the career of members of the judiciary and of the activities of the ENM. Court of Appeal and 3.

No minimum requirement but in practice 9. Admission is through a juristenausboldungsgesetz competitive examination concours. In fact in the United Kingdom and Ireland judges are chosen from among experienced lawyers to juristenusbildungsgesetz specific judicial positions and there is no formal system of judicial career and professional evaluation while in service.

At the same time, this means that the most attractive posts are accessible to the bestqualified and most experienced judges. The CSM takes into account the nature of the position offered, the results of the evaluation of the proposed candidate and his or her person qualities. VII difficult to find European scholars and members of the judiciaries who are dedicating their scholarly attention to the actual working of selected segments of their judicial systems and that are willing to collaborate in research undertakings of a comparative nature in the field of judicial administration2.

Recruitment, Professional Evaluation and Career of Judges

Likewise, exact numbers of candidates for these positions do not exist. The contents of the competitive examinations do not relate to these issues Could they?

Decisions are subject to judicial review, cf. Finally, one of the ways which might make errors less frequent is to diversify the composition of the panel and, once a person is admitted, to extend the range of evaluation of his or her capacities. The Minister of Justice prepares and administers the budget of the ministry and is partly responsible for the management of the courts, although management is becoming more and more decentralized. The figures from to are indicated below.

Oral examinations five to six candidates being examined by a panel of three 13 s. The guarantees of professional qualifications of judges and prosecutors resulting from their recruitment, initial and continuing education, professional evaluation and discipline provided for by the various member states certainly are of primary importance for the promotion of those goals. Instanz, Manz Verlag, Wien ; Fasching: A special labour and social tribunal “Arbeits- und Sozialgericht” acts as a court of first instance in Vienna in disputes arising from labour relations and certain branches of the social insurance system.


Otherwise there are no major reform initiatives regarding the training and evaluation system of judges and prosecutors currently underway. This guarantees equal access to a judicial office for everyone.

They include — The use of a plurality of criteria, in order juristenausblldungsgesetz achieve a balanced appreciation. This is juristenaubsildungsgesetz guarantee that, as a rule, the judiciary consists of judges appointed for life who cannot be dismissed except by way of special proceedings with safeguards for judicial independence The reason for establishing these special courts in Vienna as well as in Prague and other major cities of the former Austro-Hungarian empire was a historical one, given the importance of having such courts in business centers, and the capitals of the former Austro-Hungarian empire have always been business centers too.

Such an initiative is overdue. In other words, when several juristenausbildungsgeseyz posts will need to be filled in a relatively short space of time, the candidates know their rankingposition from the selection procedure for the first vacant post and therefore may decide not to apply again in the near future. A dismissal is never an immediate consequence of the negative evaluation of a judge, which might lead to a disciplinary proceeding.

One juristenausbildungssgesetz clause dealt with activities which are prohibited to members of the judiciary in the 5 years following their departure permanent or temporary from the judiciary, thus filling the gap mentioned above. The average age of newly appointed judges and also of prosecutors corresponds, by and large, with the average age of the more successful law candidates which is between 26 and 29 years. They are carefully evaluated by local judges and prosecutors, who act as local correspondents of the ENM.

We have to talk about 1. Public prosecutors at courts of first instance are subject to directions from senior public prosecutors, while the latter and the Attorney General at the Supreme Court are subject to directions from the Federal Ministry of Justice for example the Minister of Justice may instruct a senior public prosecutor to instruct the public prosecutor of a particular case to appeal against the sentence.


This document is based on the law and practice of a number of Commonwealth countries and of the USA. A consistent disciplinary policy is not simply the mere sum of disciplinary actions initiated and of their outcome, or of the absence of them. It is 32 cf.

Another element is the end of de facto or legal immunity. One of its recent Reports regretted this situation and suggested an increase in its powers See juristenausbildunbsgesetz section 2. In addition, judges and public prosecutors participate in training events organised by other institutions private or public. The issue of the attribution and the effective use of this power is therefore a political one, and must be discussed as such.

The contents of the examination was also criticized for its lack of juristenausblldungsgesetz.

Recruitment, Professional Evaluation and Career of Judges

This may juristenausbileungsgesetz become necessary in the ordinary courts because, due to an amendment in the codes of procedure, more civil law suits will have to be decided at first instance by single judges which may result in a substantial reduction of judicial positions in panels of three professional judges. The President signs all decisions relating to the appointment and promotion of members of the judiciary and presides, ex officio, over the CSM and appoints one of its members.

The first part is a written juristenausbikdungsgesetz and is anonymous. Those who have passed the examination must receive adequate and specific training at the ENM.

Heinrich-Heine-Universität Düsseldorf

The methods used for selection seem to be very reliable, because it is unusual for a judge office candidate to be dismissed due to bad performance, and the incidence and results of the disciplinary proceedings are within jjristenausbildungsgesetz threshold of tolerance.

It is understandable that given the wide scope of subjects of study, many students fear that they are not well prepared and hence delay entering the examination.

Same as Berlin Bremen: In independent tribunals “Independent Administrative Boards” were established in each Bundesland and juristenausbildungsgeserz – amongst others – the task of reviewing decisions of administrative authorities that impose administrative penalties fines and terms of imprisonment.