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The GEET is a dynamic fuel-exhaust recycling device that can be fitted to an engine, between the air intake and the exhaust. A model suitable for a small two- or four-stroke lawn-mower or small generator typically consists of two horizontally-lying, concentric steel or metallic construvtion of about 50 cm in length, one inside the other.

The outer pipe has an inside diameter of Let us call A and B the two ends of the 50 cm long pipes and bar. Two-strokes are known to be inefficient as only a certain proportion of their fuel is burnt. In order that this temperature be as high as possible, the outer pipe should be thermally insulated with a glass wool jacket.

Another contribution to higher temperatures at the inner surface of the outer pipe involves the Ranque-Hilsch effect: Therefore, both the water and the carbon dioxide are reduced, the exhaust becomes depleted in carbon dioxide and enriched in fuels such as carbon monoxide, hydrogen and methane.


The depth of the water increases the pressure in the preceding construchion stage. To increase the amount of carbon dioxide dissolved, the pressure should be maximal and the water circulated. In critical closed-cycle applications, the resulting carbonic acid could react with a metal such as zinc or magnesium to release hydrogen.

The resulting carbonate and hydroxide, as well as the reducing metal of the inner surface of the outer pipe could then be recycled later by using solar energy. Another option is using some mix of photosynthetic algae in an adjacent first stage to convert the carbon dioxide into oxygen and biomass, and fermenting anaerobic bacteria in a second stage to generate methane and hydrogen geeet the latter.

Here, it must be observed that there are heat fetails, as the outer surface of the inner pipe is heated by the exhaust, while the steel bar inside that doesn’t touch it is cooled by the cooler flow of the bubbled exhaust. The Ranque-Hilsch effect can again be used to further reduce the temperature round the inner bar. This involves replacing the three extremal solder points by small soldered coiled lines of wire at the B end of the iron bar. However, only the inner steel bar is in contact with a sufficiently cool flow so it is below the Curie temperature of the Magnegas.

As a result, when the molecules bounce against the gest of the pipes, they experience a strong magnetic field of several Tesla. Santilli has shown, rfactor molecules such as Construcction 2O 2 and CO can be magnetically polarized, and may assemble into clusters that this researcher calls magnecules. The rate of formation of such magnecules will thus be higher on the cooler surface of the steel bar. The corresponding magnetically polarized gas is called a Magnegas TM.

Because most chemical reactions involve polarized molecules while ordinary gases are unpolarized, magnegases release far more energy than expected from the combustion of their unpolarized counterparts. Also note that, due to the recycling, the O 2 molecules may pass several times into the magnetically polarizing cavity. MASER emission might also occur in this cavity, which might accelerate the formation of magnecules.

This suggests the importance of increasing the pressure in the bubbler. According to the inventor, Mr Pantone, the central steel or iron bar acquires an overall magnetization and must always be oriented in the same way with respect to the magnetic north in devices where it is horizontal, and consruction with respect to consfruction vertical, when vertical. Any test of exhaust emissions should take into account the CO 2 retained in the water.

Also note that, when this CO 2 is eventually released in the atmosphere or recycled, one is left with a brew consisting of residual, unvolatilized fuel, soot and various heavy hydrocarbons, which would be ideally suited for recycling in a “Hadronic Reactor” into Magnegas.

Thus, provided that the overall cycle proves to have a favourable efficiency, there might be a synergy between the GEET and Hadronic reactors, as they both involve Magnegases and the waste from the one may be taken as starting materials for the other.

For most two-strokes, there should be quite a significant improvement in efficiency from the recycling of the unburnt fuel alone. For other motors in which there is less of the latter, the gain could be lower raector still not negligible.

Conxtruction also that the Magnegas produced in “Hadronic Reactors” is unsuitable for two-strokes, as these dwtails a liquid fuel into which the lubricating oil is mixed. Thus, this system reacror several positive points.

Paul Pantone ~ GEET Fuel Pretreater (US Patent # 5,,)

Suggested improvements involve the use of spiralling aerodynamic flows so as to optimize the temperature gradients at several key locations by the Ranque-Hilsch effect to minimize the temperature round the central iron bar, and maximize it at the inner surface of the inner and outer pipesthermally insulating the outer pipe, increasing the pressure so as to maximize the solution of carbon dioxide in the bubbler, and circulating the resulting carbonic acid in adjacent reactors, using a multistage configuration of photosynthetic and anaerobic recycling biomass to convert it to oxygen and methane or using a reactive metal to release hydrogen in certain critical closed-cycle applications.


Solar energy can be used at a later stage to release the oxygen taken up by the reducing metal and recycle it. A novel fuel pretreater apparatus and method for pretreating an alternate fuel to render it usable as the fuel source for fuel burning equipment such as internal combustion engines, furnaces, boilers, and turbines, includes a volatilization chamber into which the alternate fuel is received.

An exhaust plenum may enclose the volatilization chamber so that thermal energy supplied by exhaust rexctor the fuel burning equipment can be used to gwet volatilize the alternate fuel. A bypass stream of exhaust may geactor diverted through the alternate fuel in the volatilization chamber to help in volatilizing the alternate fuel and help carry the volatilized fuel through a heated reactor prior to its being introduced detailw the fuel burning equipment.

The reactor is preferably interposed in the exhaust conduit and is formed by a reactor tube having a reactor rod mounted coaxially therein in spaced relationship. The exhaust passing through the exhaust conduit provides thermal energy to the reactor to pretreat the alternate fuel. Marin Independent JournalNov. Exotic Research Reportvol. This invention relates to fuel burning equipment and, constructioj particularly, to a novel fuel pretreater apparatus and method for making it possible for such fuel burning equipment to utilize as a fuel a material not otherwise considered suitable as a fuel for such equipment.

Most fuel burning equipment in use today dwtails designed to burn a particular fuel. Get example, internal combustion engines are designed to burn gasoline or diesel fuel, furnaces and boilers to burn natural gas, oil, detals coal, and turbines to burn kerosene or jet fuel.

Fuels or other materials other than the fuels for which the equipment is designed to burn cannot generally be used in such equipment. For example, in internal combustion engines, particularly in light of the extreme sophistication of many current engines, not only for fuel economy but also for reduction in the emitted pollutants, great care is taken in the selection of the fuel grade particularly as to its quality prior to its introduction into the internal combustion engine.

One does not consider crude oil or recycled materials such as used motor oil, cleaning solvents, paint thinner, alcohol, and the like, as a suitable fuel source for an internal combustion engine. Further such materials would not be considered suitable fuels for furnaces, boilers, turbines, or most other fuel ggeet equipment.

In addition, one would not consider using such fuels if contaminated by water, nor would one consider using nonfuels such as used battery acid or other waste products as fuels for fuel burning equipment.

The present invention is a novel fuel pretreater apparatus and method for fuel burning equipment. This novel fuel pretreater enables the fuel burning equipment to utilize as fuels combustible products selected from material such as crude oil or recycled materials such as motor oils, paint thinners, solvents, alcohols, and the like and noncombustible products such as battery acid.

Any substance that can be preheated and then constructioh in the fuel burning equipment will be referred to as alternate fuel. This alternate fuel is introduced as a liquid into a volatilization chamber.

The volatilization chamber may be heated to aid in volatilization and in most cases may be geett heated by thermal energy from the exhaust in the detais conduit of the fuel burning equipment. A portion of the exhaust may even be bubbled through the alternate fuel to assist in the volatilization of the alternate fuel.

The fuel vapor produced in the volatilization chamber is drawn through a heated dteails pretreater. The thermal pretreater may be mounted, preferably concentrically, inside the exhaust conduit to be heated by the exhaust gases. The thermal pretreater serves as a reactor and is configured as a reactor tube having a reactor rod mounted, preferably concentrically, therein with a reduced annular space surrounding the rod.

The volatilized alternate fuel passes through this annular space where rexctor is subjected to thermal pretreatment prior to being introduced into the intake system of the fuel burning equipment.

The best mode presently contemplated for carrying out the invention is illustrated constrkction the accompanying drawings, in which:. The invention is best understood from the following description and the appended claims taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings wherein like parts are designated by like numerals throughout. The present invention is a unique apparatus and method deetails pretreating materials to be used as fuel consttruction fuel burning equipment such as internal combustion engines, furnaces, boilers, turbines, etc.

The pretreatment makes it possible for the fuel burning equipment to utilize as its fuel source fuels or other materials that are generally considered as not being suitable fuels for such fuel burning equipment.

These alternate fuels include almost any liquid hydrocarbon such as crude oil or recycled material such as motor oil, solvents, paint thinners, and various alcohols, to name several.

GEET Reactor Construction Details

These alternate fuels may even be contaminated with water or may be material such as used battery acid which is not considered combustible or a fuel. Importantly, as shown in FIG. The reaction chamber provides a heated reaction zone with a geef rod therein about which the fuel flows. It is this flow through the heated reaction zone about the reaction rod which makes the fuel suitable for burning in the fuel burning equipment. In most cases, since the fuel burning equipment involved will produce high temperature exhaust gases, in order to save energy, the heating for the reaction chamber will be provided by the exhaust gases constructioon the fuel burning equipment.


The reaction chamber will thus usually be positioned in the exhaust conduit, whether an exhaust pipe, flue, chimney, etc. It is believed important that the fuel flow through the reaction chamber be opposite the flow of exhaust gas in the exhaust conduit so that the most intense heating of the reaction chamber is at the end thereof where the fuel exits the reaction chamber.

Currently, it is not known precisely what happens to the volatilized alternate fuel in this high temperature environment although one speculation is that the larger molecules are broken down into smaller molecular subunits of the heavy molecules.

In any event, I have found, constrkction example, that I am able to satisfactorily operate an internal combustion engine using as my fuel source materials generally considered to be totally unsuitable as fuels for an internal combustion engine. For example, in one experimental run I was able to successfully operate an internal combustion engine using recycled motor oil.

In another experimental run I was able to operate the internal combustion engine using crude oil as my sole fuel source. In yet another run I was able to use waste battery acid as my sole fuel source. However, I should state at this point that when the reaction chamber is heated by exhaust gases from construuction engine, in order to generate sufficient thermal energy necessary to volatilize the alternate fuel in the volatilization chamber, it is necessary to operate the internal combustion engine initially using ordinary gasoline.

This step is necessary since, absent my unique pretreatment process, it is impossible to operate an internal combustion engine with the alternate fuels that I am using.

Accordingly, the internal combustion engine is started and operated for an initial period until sufficient thermal energy has been generated in order to initiate the volatilization and the pretreatment processes.

Once these processes are self sustaining, the fuel system is switched over from the gasoline system to the alternate fuel system. detalis

GEET Reactor Construction Details – – Where technology goes LIVE!

The internal combustion engine continues to operate for as long as the alternate fuel is supplied or until the internal combustion engine is switched off.

Similarly, with other fuel burning equipment, when the reaction chamber is positioned in the exhaust conduit, conventional fuels are supplied to the equipment upon start up and until sufficient thermal energy is supplied to the reaction chamber to produce fuel usable in the equipment from the alternate fuel.

The invention will be illustrated and described in detail with respect to an embodiment thereof for use with an internal combustion engine. Referring now to FIG. Volatilization chamber 12 is enclosed in an exhaust plenum 17 through which a stream of exhaust 18 passes.

Exhaust 18 is produced by an internal combustion engine 20 which can be any suitable internal combustion engine ranging in size from a small, one-cylinder internal combustion engine to a large, multicylinder internal combustion engine. Internal combustion engine 20 is shown herein schematically particularly since no claim is made to an internal combustion engine, per se, only to the novel fuel pretreater apparatus 10 shown and claimed herein.

Internal combustion engine 20 includes a fuel tank 22 which supplies a starting fuel 24 and has a valve 26 for controlling the flow of fuel 24 through a fuel line 28 into an intake manifold Fuel 24 enters internal combustion engine 20 through an intake manifold 29 either through carburetion or fuel injection not shownboth of which are conventional systems for introducing fuel 24 into internal combustion engine 20 and are, therefore, not shown herein but only indicated schematically through the depiction of intake manifold Fuel 24 is ordinary gasoline and provides the necessary starting fuel for internal combustion engine 20 until sufficient thermal energy has been produced in order to sustain the operation of volatilization chamber 12 and pretreater section Thereafter, valve 26 is closed and internal combustion engine 20 is operated as will be discussed more fully hereinafter.

Internal combustion engine 20 produces exhaust 18 which is collected from internal combustion engine 20 by an exhaust manifold Exhaust 18 is then directed through exhaust conduit 16 into fuel pretreater 10 where it provides the necessary thermal energy for the operation of fuel pretreater Exhaust 18b represents a portion of exhaust 18 and passes through plenum chamber 17 surrounding volatilization chamber 12 prior to exiting exhaust conduit Exhaust 18b represents the residual portion of exhaust 18 since a bypass 40 diverts a portion of exhaust 18 shown as exhaust 18a into volatilization chamber Plenum chamber 17 acts as a heat exchanger for transferring thermal energy from exhaust 18b to volatilization chamber A valve 42 controls the amount of exhaust 18a diverted into volatilization chamber Volatilization chamber 12 receives a quantity of alternate fuel 60 through a fuel line 62 from an alternate fuel source 63 with the flow thereof being controlled by a valve