El Estructuralismo de Titchener ” OBRAS ” Sus principales obras son: * Psicología experimental () * Sensación y atención (). Edward Titchener. MG. María Alejandra González Vallejo. Updated 18 March Transcript. -Naciones de psicología (). -La nueva psicología (). Structuralism in psychology (also structural psychology) is a theory of consciousness developed by Wilhelm Wundt and his student Edward Bradford Titchener.
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Titchener attempted to classify the structures of the mind, like chemists classify the elements of natureinto the nature.
This article is written like a personal reflection, personal essay, or argumentative essay that states a Wikipedia editor’s personal feelings or presents an original argument about a topic. The subject would be instructed esttucturalismo to report the name of the object pencil because that did not describe the raw data of what the subject was experiencing. Titchener translated these works for the American audience, and in so doing misinterpreted Wundt’s meaning.
Researchers are still working to offer objective experimental approaches to wund conscious experience, in particular within the field titchendr cognitive psychology and is in some ways carrying on the torch of Titchener’s ideas. These elements could be broken down into their respective properties, which he determined were qualityintensitydurationclearnessand extensity.
Psychology the science of behaviour. Functionalism was developed by William James in contrast to structuralism. The reason for this confusion lies in the translation of Wundt’s writings. Sensations elements of perceptionsImages elements of ideasand affections elements eshructuralismo emotions. The state of consciousness which is to be the matter of psychology This simply means that the complex perceptions can be raised through basic sensory information.
Titchener writes in his Systematic Psychology:. Titchener believed that physiological processes provide a continuous substratum that give psychological processes a continuity they otherwise would estruccturalismo have.
The second issue in Titchener’s theory of structuralism was the question of how the mental elements combined and interacted with each other to form conscious experience. Structuralism has faced a large amount of criticism, particularly from the school of psychology, functionalism which later evolved into the psychology of pragmatism reconvening introspection into acceptable practices of observation.
The subject would then report the characteristics of that pencil color, length, etc. Titchener argued that attention was simply a manifestation of the “clearness” property within sensation. Instead, Titchener was interested in seeking pure knowledge that to him was more important than commonplace issues.
Because the notion of a mind could not be objectively measured, it was not worth further inquiry. In particular, Titchener was interested in the relationship between the conscious experience and the physical processes. Structuralism as a school of psychology seeks to analyze the adult mind the total sum of experience from birth to the present in terms of the simplest definable components and then to find how these components fit together to form more complex experiences as well as how they correlate to physical events.
And images and affections could be broken down further into just clusters of sensations. Psychology the Science of Behaviour. July Learn how and when to remove this template message. Titchener believed the mind eztructuralismo the accumulated experience of a lifetime. Titchener referred to this as stimulus error.
Edward Titchener by María Alejandra González Vallejo on Prezi
Titchener himself was criticized for not using his psychology to help answer practical problems. Titchener said that only observable events constituted that science and that any speculation concerning unobservable events have no place in society this view was similar to the one expressed by Ernst Mach.
When Titchener brought his theory to Americahe also brought with him Wundt’s work. Introspectiontherefore, yielded different results depending on who was using it and what they were seeking. The main tool Titchener used to try to determine the different components of consciousness was introspection. Structuralism also believes that the mind could be dissected into its individual parts, which then formed conscious experience.
Psicología de la Conciencia: Wundt, Leipzig, Gestalt
However, radical behaviorism includes thinking, feeling, and private events in its theory and analysis of psychology. To do this, psychologists employ introspection, self-reports of sensations, views, feelings, emotions, etc.
This page was last edited on 19 Decemberat Unlike Wundt’s method of introspection, Titchener had very strict guidelines for the reporting of an introspective analysis.
The Psychology of Human Thought.
However, introspection only fits Wundt’s theories if the term is taken to refer to psychophysical methods. Both sensations and images contained all of these qualities; however, affections were lacking in both clearness and extensity.
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Titcheneralong with Wilhelm Wundtis credited for the theory of structuralism. Therefore, by following this train of thinking all thoughts wwundt images, which being constructed from elementary sensations meant that all complex reasoning and thought could eventually be broken down into just the sensations which he could get at through introspection.
Retrieved from ” https: Structuralism in psychology also structural psychology  is a theory of consciousness developed by Wilhelm Wundt and his student Edward Bradford Titchener. Wundt makes a clear distinction between pure introspection, which is the relatively unstructured self-observation used by earlier philosophers, and estruturalismo introspection. Titchener rejected Wundt’s notions of apperception and creative synthesis voluntary actionwhich were the basis of Wundt’s voluntarism.
Views Read Edit View history. This also received criticism from the Gestalt school of psychologywhich argues that the mind cannot be broken down into individual elements.
His conclusions were largely based on ideas of associationism. Wundt believes this type of introspection to be acceptable since it uses laboratory instruments to vary conditions and make results of internal perceptions more precise.