ASTM E407 PDF

ASTM Epdf – Download as PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read online. ASTM E Standard Practice for Microetching Metals and Alloys. Basic Description: ASTM E is a method of etching a metal sample to reveal its microstructure. On a microscopic scale, metal is made up of many grains which.

Author: Vusar Gardatilar
Country: Chad
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Automotive
Published (Last): 7 November 2011
Pages: 488
PDF File Size: 14.4 Mb
ePub File Size: 5.6 Mb
ISBN: 999-1-11893-763-6
Downloads: 19999
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Shaktigor

Film on etched aluminum bronze removed by No. Unless otherwise indicated, it is intended that all reagents conform to speci? Immerse with gentle agitation 15—30 s.

ASTM E Standard Practice for Microetching Metals and Alloys_百度文库

Water rinse, alcohol rinse, dry, then etch with No. Electrolytic at 6 V for 40 s room temperature. Will chemically polish with longer times. At this time the specimen should be ready for examination via polarized light. Austenite turns brown on overetching. Up to 30 mL of HCl may be used for more vigorous action.

As cast Nickel Base: APM Testing provides A2LA accredited services for metal microstructure testing at a fair price, with prompt delivery, and a detailed test report.

  CHHIWAT CHOUMICHA PDF

When more than one etchant number is given for a particular use, they are usually given in order of preference.

See Guide E on Metallographic Laboratory Safety for additional information on safety precautions for electrolytes containing perchloric acid. ASTM E is a method of etching a metal sample to reveal its microstructure.

Electrolytic at 10 V 0. Sometimes a few passes on the? Use optional ingredients to improve coloration, if needed.

ASTM E – 07()e1 Standard Practice for Microetching Metals and Alloys

Solution good for several days, or longer. Swab until stain is removed. Preheating specimen in boiling water hastens reaction. Use carbon cathode and platinum wire connection to specimen. Some of these etchants will not work at all if water is not present. Can be heated to increase activity. Stains sigma and chi yellow to red brown, ferrite gray to blue gray, carbides barely touched, austenite not touched.

Information describing the appropriate glove may be obtained by consulting the MSDS for the chemical being used.

Standard Practice for Microetching Metals and Alloys

Gently agitate the solution while observing the polished surface. Qstm vacuum level of 1. For each metal and alloy, one or more etchant numbers and their corresponding use is indicated. Immerse to 2 min to darken matrix to reveal carbides and phosphides. John Wiley and Sons. Swab 1—3 s for F and T6, 10 s for T4 and O temper.

  GAMES AND INFORMATION RASMUSEN PDF

Etching rate is increased, sensitivity decreased with increased percentage of HNO3. Properly discard when dark orange color. Phases can be colored by Nos. Rinse in Solution B.

One or several small lumps of a suitable dielectric compound with the desired index of refraction is heated under a vacuum until it evaporates. Electrolytic at 6 V for few seconds. For stock solution, mix? Therefore, a glove must be carefully selected and used to ensure that it will provide the needed protection for the speci? Adding a wetting agent such as zepherin chloride will increase response.

Follow with water rinse, alcohol rinse, and dry. Pure Mg, 74a,74a,74a,,, 74a,,, 74a, 1d,,, 74a, 1d,, 98c, a general structure stain-free polish-etch general structure general structure phase identi? Immerse or swab 5 to 30 s.