Posts about The Diary of Antera Duke written by Devin Leigh. The Diary of Antera Duke: An Eighteenth-Century African Slave Trader By Stephen Behrendt, A.J.H. Latham and David Northrup. Oxford: Oxford University Press. The diary of Antera Duke: an eighteenth‐century African slave trader – By Stephen D. Behrendt, A. John H. Latham, and David Northrup.

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Choose your country or region Close. Du Bois, and William L. I am impressed with the way in which the edition has been handled, by the supplementary materials and the care that the authors have taken to present the diary and its context. The Dkary Flame Sntera Particularly important is the discovery that British merchants operated cooperatively through the offices of a senior merchant, who in the s was Captain Patrick Fairweather ca. Behrendt, Latham and Northrup have provided an invaluable overview of Calabar history and the slave trade in an introduction of pages, including notes.

British abolitionists used this and other images to highlight the inhumanity of the slave trade in Calabar, where Antera Duke operated his enterprise.

Du Bois, and Werner Sollors.

The introduction explores the history of the journal itself, from its discovery by William Valentine in the files of the Free Church of Scotland, Edinburgh, in duary its subsequent loss in World War II, except for the excerpts published here.

In addition to keeping some of the goods for capital, Duke and ciary fellow traders would canoe down the Cross River and trade them for more slaves to trade with British captains. Antera Duke likely died around The publication of this volume will mark the first publicly available edition of ciary valuable primary source in over fifty years. Antera Duke’s diary is therefore an extraordinarily important source for the history of the Cross River region, and indeed for Africa as a whole.

Du Bois, and Wilson J. Latham and David Northrup. Because the kin and dependents of local merchants, such as Antera Duke, were used as pawns as security for goods extended on credit, the Ekpe society was essential both in assuring that debts were paid and in protecting those held as pawns from being taken off the coast and sold as slaves in the Americas. The captain failed to convince Duke Ephraim to lower his comey and departed for Cameroon. The early entry of Bristol merchants into the trade, and the subsequent supremacy of Liverpool, is examined in considerable detail.


His writings reveal how life for those trading humans was full of the same joys and pleasures, tragedies and pains that people everywhere have felt throughout history. Du Bois, and Manning Marable.

The Diary of Antera Duke, an Eighteenth-Century African Slave Trader

In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content: A Brief History with Documents This is a remarkable piece of scholarship that will now become required reading for scholars and students interested in trans-Atlantic slavery and the importance of voice in African history.

They are not just a medium to be turned to when written materials are unavailable. In his diary, Antera Duke ca. Du Bois, and Brent Hayes Edwards.

Two of these sources were written by West African peoples themselves, while the third was written by a European man yet based off of his interactions with a West African. Additionally, two of the sources appear as excerpts in Africa Rememberedan edited volume compiled by the historian Philip Curtin. Taken together, these three documentary sources not only represent different regions of Africa but also different experiences with the slave trade and different genres of writing.

The Duek The Oxford W. It is with this view in mind that we turn to our three readings from the eighteenth century. Academic Skip to main content. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. Written by a major African merchant at the height of Calabar’s overseas commerce, Antera Duke’s diary provides valuable information on Old Calabar’s economic activity both with other African businessmen and with European ship captains who arrived to trade for slaves, produce and provisions.

A leader in late eighteenth-century Old Calabar, a cluster of Efik-speaking communities in the Cross River region, he resided in Dukr Town, forty-five miles from the Atlantic Ocean in what is now southeast Nigeria.

Oxford University Press is a department of the University of Oxford. The Autobiography of W. In this regard, their discussion of the Ekpe society, which operated through a masquerade depicted as a leopard, as the governing body of the vast commercial network that extended from Old Calabar into the interior.


Viary by the innovative methods of anthropologists like Vansina and the cogent critiques of philosophers like Mudimbe, many scholars of Africa are starting to revisit the historical potential of documentary source materials, especially when these eiary are interpreted in new ways.

Since British merchants were virtually the only Duke kept a diary, written in trade English a mix of African and English language used to conduct businessof his day-to-day activities in which he diry trade operations and disputes with British slave ship captains. His diary, written in trade English from tois a candid account of daily life in an African community at the cuke of Calabar’s overseas commerce.

The Introduction also examines in detail the development of the produce trade at Old Calabar and the importance of ivory as a secondary commodity to enslaved Africans.

Antera Duke – Wikipedia

The sections on religion and government at Old Calabar are particularly important. As such, the diary has no equivalent as a historical source for anyone interested in the anthropological, economic, ethnographic, political, or social aspects of eighteenth-century trade and life in part of what is now Nigeria.

This edition reproduces Antera’s original trade-English diary with a translation into standard English on facing pages, along with extensive annotation. Latham, and David Northrup. David Northrup is professor of history at Boston College and a specialist on sub-Saharan Africa, Atlantic history, systems of coerced labor, and imperialism.

It was through this network that Duke learned to speak and write pidgin English.

The Diary is the key to establishing a chronology for the eighteenth century as well as to understanding the key institutions of society and economy. The Diary of Antera Duke furnishes a uniquely valuable source for the history of dukee Nigeria and the Atlantic slave trade, and this new edition enriches our understanding of it.

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