ABNT NBR – ABNT NBR Carbon steel and high-strenght low-alloy steel for strutural use – Requirements. Publication date. which would soon be ruled by several standards, such as the Brazilian NBR , , and and the American ASTM A, A and A with . 12 fev. EN SJ0. JIS G SS ABNT NBR CF ABNT NBR CG ABNT NBR MR NM02 ED VMB

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The main requirements for the steels intended to structural applications are: However, it is worth emphasizing that phosphorus must be kept as low as possible less than 0.

In most of such situations, the corrosion speed of patinable steel is abnr to the one of carbon steel. Steel is produced in a wide variety of types and shapes, each one is capable of efficiently satifying one or more applications. However, the modern trend of using ever-growing structures has led engineers, designers and builders to use steels with increased resistance, the so-called high-strength and anbt steels, with the purpose of avoiding the erection of heavier structures.

Examples include patinable steels immersed in water, buried in the ground or covered by vegetation. High carbon steel has more than 0.


In civil construction, the highest interest falls upon the so called structural steels of mid and high-mechanic strength, a term used to designate all steels that due to their resistance, ductility and other properties are appropriate to be used in construction elements subject to loading.

Fabio Domingos Pannoni, M. In extremely aggressive environments, such as regions with high levels of sulfur dioxide pollution or those near the shore, painting grants them a performance far superior than carbon steel.

This steel, if hardened and tempered, can reach good tenacity and resistance. Its major advantage, in addition to dismiss painting in certain environments, is having a mechanical strength higher than carbon steels. Low-carbon steels have a maximum of 0.


The amount of carbon in the steel defines its classification. This steel was introduced in the American market in to be specifically applied to the manufacturing of cargo wagons. Those steels have been used in the whole world to build bridges, 0707, silos, power transmission towers, etc. Espessuras entre 20 mm e abaixo. Such variety results from the continuous need to adequate the mbr to specific application requirements that appear in the market, either due to the need to control chemical compositions or to assure specific proprieties, which includes the final shape plates, profiles, pipes, bars, etc.

They are more appropriate for mechanic and welding works, not being hardenable, and are used in the construction of buildings, bridges, ships, vehicles, among other uses.

The first one is related to the chemical composition of the steel itself.

ABNT NBR 16264_2016

Main alloy elements that contribute to increased resistance against atmospheric corrosion thus favoring the formation of patina are copper and phosphorus.

What made a new carbon steel-based product unique, in terms of corrosion resistance, was the fact that under certain 70007 environmental conditions, it could develop on its surface an adherent and protective oxide film, called patina, which acts by reducing the attack speed of corrosive agents found in the environment. Other chemical elements exist only in residual amounts. Therefore, while the presence of sulfur dioxide, up to certain limits, favors the development of patina, the sodium chloride suspended in maritime atmospheres compromises its protective properties.

This shows a huge evolution in the sector. Structural steels may be sorted in three main groups according to the minimum specified flowing stress.

They are commonly used in rails, springs, gears, agricultural components subject to wearing, small tools, etc. Carbon steel have in its composition 77007 limited amounts of chemical elements such as carbon, silicon, manganese, sulfur and phosphorus. Formation of patina can occur following three factors. Medium-carbon steel has 0. Finally, there are factors associated with the geometry of the component, which explains why different structures of the same steel placed next to each other can suffer different attack levels.


Among the currently existing structural steels, the most used and known type is the ASTM A36, which is rated as a medium-mechanical strength carbon steel. Among the nbbr belonging to this category, the ones in the spotlight are the high-strength and low-alloy steels resistant to atmospheric corrosion.

Chromium, nickel and silicon also exert secondary effects. Increase the mechanical resistance in order to allow an addition of structural unit load or to allow a proportional section decrease, that is, the use of lighter sections; Improve the resistance against atmospheric corrosion; Improve resistance to impact and fatigue limit; Increase the relationship between hbr limit and traction-resistance limit without significant loss of ductility.

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ABNT NBR 7007-2016

From its launching to the current days, other steels with similar behaviors were developed, which constitute the family of steels known as patinable, which would soon be ruled by several standards, such as the Brazilian NBR, and and the American ASTM A, A and A with the purpose of establishing limits to their chemical compositions and mechanical properties.

High-strength and low-alloy steels resistant against corrosion are produced in Brazil by Several Steelmakers. High-strength and low-alloy steels are used whenever there is the need to: Therefore, for example, under continuous wetting conditions determined by poor drying, the formation of patina is severely compromised.

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